Espresso is the name of a highly concentrated, bittersweet coffee that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. Translated from Italian, the word 'Espresso' refers to the speed and single-serve nature of the coffee compared with slower methods of brewing coffee. This is just one of the several types of coffee served across the world.
Caffe Americano or simply Americano is a coffee beverage made from a shot or two of espresso mixed with hot water to make a full sized drink. Americano is short for 'Caffe Americano', which is Italian for espresso coffee served American style.
Macchiato is an espresso-based coffee beverage consisting mostly of coffee with a small amount of milk. Translating from the Italian phrase meaning marked coffee; Macchiato is made by 'marking' a single shot of espresso with a few drops of frothed milk and then served in a demitasse.
Cappuccino (meaning 'Capuchin' or literally 'small cap') is a beverage made from espresso, hot milk, and frothed milk. The foam on top of the coffee acts as an insulator and helps retain the heat of the liquid, allowing it to stay hot longer.
A latte (from the Italian caffè latte meaning coffee and milk) is a drink made with espresso and steamed milk. The difference between a Cappuccino and Caffe Latte is more milk in the latter. It is said that Caffe Latte was created as a result of customers wanting more milk to temper the strong taste of the espresso coffee.
Café Mocha is an American invention typically made from espresso, chocolate syrup, and steamed milk. It gets its name from the coastal town of Mocha, Yemen, a dominant exporter of coffee back in 15th century. These coffees had a notable chocolaty taste and hence the term 'mocha' was extended to mean chocolate coffee.
An Italian dessert drowning in espresso? That's right, 'Affogato style', refers to the act of topping a drink or dessert with espresso and could also include caramel sauce or chocolate sauce. Want your dessert to have a strong coffee flavour? Make it Affogato style!
Black eye is made with a cup of American coffee and two shots of espresso. Also known as a Sling Blade, Depth Charge, Shot in the Dark, Cafe Tobio, Autobahn, or Hammerhead, there are lots of names for this one great coffee.
Café Bombon (or coffee candy) originated in Spain and consists of condensed milk poured carefully over espresso, served in a small glass. For visual effect, a glass is used, and the condensed milk is allowed to sink underneath the coffee to create two separate bands of contrasting colour. Café Bombon is definitely a treat both for your eyes and your taste buds.
Eiskaffee is German for ice-cream coffee. It is a popular German drink consisting of chilled coffee, milk, sweetener, vanilla flavoured ice cream, and sometimes whipped cream.
Irish Coffee is a cocktail consisting of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, stirred sugar, and topped with thick cream. The coffee is sipped through the cream.